Fifty percent of Spain's biological diversity is concentrated in wetlands which are shrinking as a result of human use and abuse. Fundación Cepsa, in collaboration with the regional government of Andalusia, has reversed this situation in La Laguna Primera de Palos, in Huelva.
The elegant pose of the Iberian lynx. The majestic flight of the imperial eagle. The thunderous growl of the brown bear. These are the first images that come to mind when one thinks of biodiversity loss in Spain. Emblematic species whose status, as Eduardo de Miguel, managing director of Fundación Global Nature, points out, "is being reversed, with increasing populations." And yet, the unfathomable variety of plants and insects in Spain—what De Miguel calls "great biodiversity”—appears to deserve less media attention or sound more muted alarms among the public. For decades, it has been suffering from the impact of human activity that does not consider the planet’s limits.
Bird and small mammal populations are also declining. Life cycles perfectly orchestrated for millennia by Mother Nature are being interrupted. The harmful effects impact ecosystems’ richness, which is undoubtedly valuable in itself.
Even from a strictly economic point of view, De Miguel warns that the loss of biodiversity harms an important part of our production model. He offers the example of the decrease of microorganisms in the soil and their influence on the organic matter that ensures natural efficiency in agricultural use, and the gradual decline of, in the expert’s words, "pollinators such as bees, which are essential for crop species such as almond and cherry trees."